From the beginning of Islam, Iranians were affectionate about Ahl-al-Bayt (family of the holy prophet Mohammad (PBUH)), one of their dreams has been to visit Ahl-al-Bayt’s shrines. Iranians always threw the most magnificent mourning ceremonies for them. Even they wished for their corpses to be buried in the holy shrines. Khajeh Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, one of Shia scholars, mentioned in his will the desire to be buried in at the bottom side tomb of Amir al-Momenin Imam Ali (a.s). Many Iranians insisted to be buried inside the holy shrines of Ahl-e-Bayt (a.s).
Since the tombs of Imam Musa’s sons were found in Shiraz, many Iranians wished to be buried near their shrines. Over the past millennium, the shrine was a sanctuary for bodies of many honorable people, many of whom are unknown. Here, we mention some of the people whose burial documents are at hand.
Ayatollah Martyr Seyyed Abdol-Hossein Dastgheib
He is the second martyr of alter in Islamic revolution; his tomb is within Seyyed-Mir-Mohammad’s shrine. It is a center of attention for people of Shiraz. He is of the noble and religious family in Shiraz with an 800-year history that goes back to Imam Sajjad (a.s) (the 4th Imam of Shiite) through 30 intermediaries.
Under guidance of masters such as Molla Ahmad Darabi, Ayatollah Mirza Ali-Akbar Arsenjani, Sheikh Mohammad Kazim Shirazi, Zia-ol-Din Araghi, Seyyed Abdol-Hassan Isfahani, he gained theological rank.
He reconstructed Atigh Jame Mosque with a one-thousand-year history. Before the triumph of the Islamic republic, he was banned from preaching after the daily prayers, but he held prayer in this mosque and said a few words of wisdom to people afterwards. After the triumph of Islamic Republic, he was appointed as Imam of Friday Congregational Prayer on Shiraz and later as a representative in the Assembly of Experts. He wrote many books on ethics, many of which were translated to other languages. He was shot killed on Friday 20th of Azar 1360 when leaving his house to attend the Friday prayer.
He was a friend of Ayatollah Dastgheib in life and he is resting forever next to him as well. Ayatollah Nejabat was born in Shiraz. His primary education took place in Madreseh Khan, Shiraz. He continued his higher education in Najaf-Ashraf, Iraq. He stayed there for a decade and received his theological rank at age of 28. He educated many students, many of whom were killed in Iran-Iraq war, attaining high grade of Shahadat. The hawzah where he studied is named after him.
Born in 182, Majd-ol-Ashraf, also known as Ghodsi was a great theosophist and sage in 13th and 14th century. His father was a theosophist in the 13th century. Majd-ol-Ashraf died in 1913 and was buried in an allocated chamber in the holy shrine of Shahecheragh.
He was one of great scientists of Shiraz. According to “Biography of Delgosha”, he achived philosophy, literature and cognitive sciences after learning the preliminaries in Hakim school in Shiraz. He spent a lot of time studying poems of Molasadra and Avicenna's Isharat. Besmel died in 1820 and was buried in Seyyed Mir-Mohammad’s Shrine.
Mirza Abolqasem Sokut
He was a theosophist in the 13th century who travelled Isfahan in search of the perfect man. In Naeen he met Haj-Abd-ol-Wahab-Naeeni who advised him to undergo mortification and a lot of travelling. He travelled to Mecca twice, stayed in Kashan and Isfahan for 4 years and then returned to Shiraz and died in 1823. According to his will, he was buried at the bottom-side of Seyyed-mir-mohammad’s tomb.
He was one of the poets and calligraphists of Shiraz. According to Rohani Vesal, His nephew, he ws the fourth child of Mirza-Shafi’-Vesal. His name was Abolqasem and he was known as Farhang. He was born in 1826 in Shiraz. He learnt mathematics, literature and French. He died in 1891 and was buried in Seyyed-Mir-Mohammad’s shrine.
His name was Shafee’, known as Mirza-Koochak-khan. He was a follower of Mirza-abolqasem-Shirazi. He was a skillful poet who died in 1811 and was buried in Shahecheragh’s shrine.
There were many cemeteries in Shiraz. There was at least one cemetery next to each unknown Imamzadeh, the most important of which was Shah-Daie-Allah. Usually important and well-known people were buried in Shahecheragh’s shrine.
Seyyed Majed Bahrani
Born in 1565, he immigrated to Shiraz in 1598 after learning religious materials. His most famous student was Molls-Feyz-Kashani who was the greatest Scholar of his time. Seyyed Majed died in 1619 at age of 55 in Shiraz.
Ali ebne Ahmad Shirazi
Ali ebn Ahmad Shirazi known as Seyyed Ali Khan: He was born in Medina. After emigration and travelling to India, He came to Shiraz in order to study the theology and literature. He left a valuable explanation off Sahife Sajdiye( the famous book written by Imam Sajad) after benefitting by the famous scholars of that era. Then he died in 1120 L.Y. in Shiraz. He was buried in the holy shrine of Shahcheragh near the tome of his master, Sayyed Majed Bahrani.
Haj Mohammad Hossein Hosseini Shirazi
He was born in 1175 L.Y. . He was one of the famous scholars in Shiraz. He was the writer of the famous book of “ Riyaz alshahadat”. An explanation of the preface of Masnavi Maulavi and the book of Masnaviyat Khamse are other famous works. After many years of endeavour he died in 1250L.Y. when he was 75. He was buried in the holy shrine of Shahcheragh near the tomb of his master, Abolghasem Sokut.
Sadegh Khan Zand
Sadegh Khan Zand was one of the statement of Zandiye era and Karim Khan Zand`s brother known as Vakilora`aye. He was born in 1142L.Y. in Shiraz. After many years of working for people of Shiraz and helping his brother, Karim Khan Zand as a truthful partner, he was finally killed by the order of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar. He was buried in northern wall of one of the chambers inside the holy shrine of Ahmadi & Mohammadi which is currently the offering office. His gravestone is already kept in the entrance of the museum of holy shrine.
Ja`far Khan Zand
This magnanimous and noble person was born in 1163 L.Y. in Shiraz. He was Sadegh Khan`s son and Lotfali Khan Zand`s father. Lotfali Khan was the last brave champion between people of Zandiyeh. After many years of working for noble people of Shiraz, he was first poisoned then killed by the order of Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar. He was buried in the northern wall of one of chambers inside the holy shrine of Ahmadi & Mohammadi which is currently the offering office. His gravestone is already kept in the entrance of the museum of holy shrine.
His real name was Ahmad. He was Vesal Shiraz`s elder son. He was born in 1232L.Y. in Shiraz. He studied grammar and syntax, religious jurisprudence and religious principles, literature and theosophy. He was the master in all these sciences in his own era. Like his father he was the master of calligraphy. Finally that wise scholar lied on Shaval 1298L.Y. when he was 66. He was buried near his great father in the holy shrine of Shahcheragh.
His real name was Mohammad. He was the second son of Vesal. He was born in 1234L.Y. in Shiraz. “Touba” was the pseudonym of Hakim Shirazi. He studied science, literature, and theosophy when he was young. After wards because of his intense desire for theosophy, he changed his pseudonym to “Sage”. Finally this magnanimous scholar died in 1274L.Y. when he was 40. He was buried in the lower part of the Shahcheragh`s tomb.
He was the fourth son of Vesal. “Farhang” was the pseudonym of Abolghasem Shirazi. He was born in 1242L.Y. in Shiraz. Like his father he was the master of all seven types of calligraphy. He left other compilations in addition to poetical works. The biography and description of his works are written in Tazkera books and Golshan Vesal. Finally he died in 1309L.Y. when he was 67. He was buried near sayyed Mir Mohammad`s tomb.
His real name was Esmaeel. He was the fifth son of Vesal Shirazi. He was born in 1245L.Y in Shiraz. Like his father and bother, he was proficient in composing different kinds of poems. He wrote all seven types of calligraphy very well. Finally, that powerful poet of ancient land of Fars died in 1286L.Y. when he was 41. He was buried in the holy shrine of Shahcheragh.
Abdol Vahab Yazdani
He was the sixth son of Vesal Shirazi. He was born in 1252L.Y. in Shiraz. Like his father and brother, he wrote different types of calligraphy very well. He had many poetical works and compositions. His biography and the description of his works are written in “Tazkere” books. Finally this great poet died in 1328L.Y. when he was 76. He was buried in the holy shrine of Sayyed Mir Mohammad near his brother, Farhang.
Mirza Habib Allah Shafifi
He was born in 825L.Y.. He was one of the most famous donor of holy shrine of Ahmadi &Mohammadi. He pursued continually the endowed properties of Tashi Khatoon, Shah Abu Eshagh`s mother in Meymand province in order to be registered in the holy shrine. He died in 920L.Y when he was 95. He was buried in the lower part of holy tomb in the eastern side.
He was born in 1255L.Y. in Firouzabad province. He was one of the most famous religious magistrate of Arab Baseri tribe buried in the holy shrine of Shahcheragh. The burial place of Askar Khan is near the Askar Khani door which is made of silver and also southern door of holy shrine which leads to south porch.
Askar Khani door is another endowed property of holy shrine of Ahmadi & Mohammadi donated to shahcheragh by Askar Khan. He died in 1330 when he was 75.
Ayatolah Sayyed Mohammad Taheri
This wise man was born in a mullah Family in 1298 in Shiraz. His father, Hazrat Ayatollah Sayyed Abdollah Sayed Abdollah Shirazi was one of the famous outstanding mullah of Shiraz. After studying theology and training many talented students in the domain of different theological sciences, he was the prayer leader in the holy shrine of Shahcheragh for 55 years. This should be valued. Durinng this time, visitors and other nearby people benefitted from this dear great person. He was died in 1388 when he was 90. He was buried in the south- eastern side of holy shrine, the entrance of “Atigh” mosque.
Hazrat Ayatolah Sheikh Abdol Hossein Haeri Shirazi
He was born in a noble family in 1250 in Karbala. His gread father was Sheikh Mohammad Taher Shirazi. His pious mother was so religious who stayed home for a bout 25 years during the prohibition of Hijab ( covering) in the Reza Khan era in order to state objection. During his lifetime, he was thinking about moral refinement. That good humoured man was very self- possessed. He was respectful toward Quran. He was eager to learn religious jurisprudence and theosophy. Sheikh Mohammad Bahari Hamedani was his spiritual guide when he was 14. He was thinking about solving the disagreement and also prudence of people of Fars.
He reestablished some religious places of Shiraz. He repaired Imam Khomeini mosque near the current shohada square which is the former Sepahsalar mosque. Finally he died in 1329 after many years of praying and advancing the Islamic culture. He was buried in the north- western side of holy shrine of shahcheragh.