The first dome of the holy shrine was built by the order of Amir Mogharodin Masud ebn-e Badroldin,the atabak minister in 1226 A.D. the dome was basically rebuilt by Queen Tashi Khatoon(king Abu eshagh`s mother)during the reign of Almozaffar in 1344A.D. the dome includes 72 parts, each 90 centimeters wide. The dome and many buildings, including the holy shrine, were collapsed in a powerful earthquake in 1823A.D.
By the order of Hossein Ali Mirza Qajar the shrine was repaired,and a new dome was built. It had a bulge about 2.5 meters, and the holy verse Taha was written around its inner part. The dome was repaired in the reign of Fath Ali Shah Qajar in the year 1380A.D. and the holy verse Fath was written with mirror on its inner part. Another powerful earthquake happened in 1853,and some cracks appeared in the dome which were repaired later. Some new cracks appeared in 1927.Engineers suggested using iron to protect the dome, but the repair was not effective, and the cracks spread until the dome was potentially on the verge of collapse. The ancient dome was closed down. A dome with metal framework of iron was prepared and fixed on the pillars of the previous dome.
The dome of the holy shrine of Hazrat Shahcheragh is one of the most beautiful and well-shaped dome in the world. Its tiles were completely demolished before the Islamic revolution. The tile working of the dome of holy shrine was given priority during the custodianship of Hazrat Ayatollah Sayed Mohammad Mehdi Dastgheib.After consultation with the best professors and also experienced engineers and architects of holy shrine of Imam Reza,a new plan about laying the tiles to the main frame of dome was adopted with due attention to this point that the framework of the dome is built with iron. Using the metal mould, nut and screw, the pieces of the tile working was laid to the main framework of the dome considering the expansion and contraction of the crevices between pieces.
Fortunately after overcoming the obstacles, the dome now is nicely tile worked. It gives magnificence to the city of Shiraz.
The surface of the dome has more than 500 square meters width. It has 14 meters in height and 14 meters in thickness. The dome is 2.5 meters in height and has an area of 80 square meters.
The design of tile working of the dome is in black,cream,green,brown,yellow,white,azure,golden and turquoise-colored.